The 9 Types of Job Aptitude Tests

Employers in Nigeria commonly use job aptitude tests as part of the hiring process to evaluate applicants’ skills, knowledge, and personalities.

It’s important to know what to anticipate from various exams so you can prepare for them and pass them. In this article, we’ll go through 9 different job aptitude tests and what to expect from each. But first, let’s start from the basics.

What is a Job Aptitude Test?

A job aptitude test is an examination administered to determine whether an applicant has the skills and qualities required for a particular position. It may evaluate skills related to the job, such as mathematical ability or manual dexterity. Alternatively, the aptitude test might measure knowledge required for the role, such as industry-specific terminology.

An employer may ask that you take an aptitude test:

  • Along with your application
  • After they receive your application, to judge whether you should move to the interview stage
  • During an interview

The test might be administered online or in person.  The format and duration of the test also vary. It can range from a few minutes to several hours.


The 9 Types of Job Aptitude Tests:

A company may utilize a variety of aptitude tests on potential employees.

1. Numerical Reasoning

A numerical reasoning test measures your ability to understand and solve problems using mathematical skills. The questions might ask you to interpret data in graphs or tables or do calculations that involve addition, subtraction, averages, percentages, etc. Numerical reasoning tests are often used for roles that require strong mathematical skills, such as accounting or engineering. They can be administered online or in-person and usually take around 30 minutes to an hour to complete.

2. Verbal Reasoning

A verbal reasoning test measures your ability to decipher and solve problems using language skills. The questions might ask you to interpret data in a text, find errors or make deductions based on information provided.

Verbal reasoning tests are often used for roles that require strong language skills, such as marketing or customer service. It is important to note that verbal reasoning tests are not the same as a language proficiency test, which measures your ability to speak and understand a language.

3. Logical Reasoning

A logical reasoning test assesses your ability to understand and solve problems using your ability to think logically. The questions might ask you to find patterns and make deductions or inferences based on the information provided. Logical reasoning tests are often used for roles that require strong analytical skills, such as data analysis or research. People who work in technical fields, such as IT or engineering, may also be asked to take a logical reasoning test.

4. Abstract Reasoning

These are similar to IQ tests in that they assess broad knowledge and the capacity to use your understanding in new situations.  The questions might present you with a series of shapes and ask you to find the next one in the pattern, or they might show you a series of symbols with different relations to one another and ask you to identify the missing element. Abstract reasoning tests are often used for roles that require creative thinking, such as design or advertising.

5. Diagrammatic Reasoning

This test assesses your logical thinking ability by using diagrams and flowcharts.  The questions might ask you to find the missing element in a pattern or complete a process by following a set of instructions. Diagrammatic reasoning tests are often used for roles that require strong problem-solving skills, such as engineering or software development.

6. Inductive Reasoning

Inductive reasoning tests measure your ability to find patterns and solve problems in a pressurised environment.  They might give you a set of facts and ask you to solve a problem based on that information. Recruiters often use Inductive reasoning tests for roles that require quick thinking and creative problem-solving, such as consulting or investment banking.

7. Situational Judgment

A situational judgment test measures your ability to make decisions under pressure.  The questions might present a series of hypothetical scenarios and ask you to choose the best course of action.  Situational judgment tests are often used for roles that require sound decision-making, such as management or sales.

8. Personality Tests

A personality test measures your preferences, attitudes and values. The questions might ask how you like to work, what kind of environment you prefer, or what motivates you. Personality tests are often used to assess whether you would be a good fit for the company culture or the role.

9. Skills Tests

A skills test measures your ability to perform a specific task. The questions might ask you to write a code, design a website or solve a mathematical problem. Skills tests are often used for roles that require specific technical skills, such as web development or graphic design.


What to Expect on a Job Aptitude Test?

The questions on a job aptitude test will vary depending on the type of test and the position you are applying for. However, there are some general tips you can keep in mind to help you prepare and pass:

  1. Read the instructions carefully: Make sure you grasp what is being asked of you before you start the test. The instructions will contain important information like the time limit and the number of questions.
  2. Know the format: Familiarize yourself with the test format, so you know what to expect. Is it numerical reasoning? Verbal reasoning? Diagrammatic?
  3. Practice: When you find out what type of aptitude test it is, you can have a look at a platform where you can find sample questions to practice to get an idea of the types of questions you will encounter.
  4. Time yourself: Practice timing yourself to pace yourself during the test.
  5. Stay calm:  Aptitude tests can be stressful, but staying calm and focusing on the task is essential.


Frequently Asked Questions

How do I pass an aptitude test for employment?

To pass an aptitude test for employment:

  • Practice the test daily. Practice makes perfection
  • Make sure you understand the test format.
  • Take your time to read the instructions.
  • Make sure you practice tests tailored to your industry, sector, or niche.
  • Manage your time effectively.

Is the aptitude test hard?

The difficulty of aptitude tests for most people is completing the tasks under time constraints. Candidates tend to have around a minute to read the question, analyse the graphs and patterns, and select the correct response in numerical or logical reasoning examinations. This is why practising before the actual test is essential.


Is the Aptitude Test the same as IQ test?

Simply put, an IQ test (Intelligence Quotient) is a statistical measurement of a person’s smartness. In contrast, an aptitude test (General Intelligence) assesses their general ability to apply their intellect to various scenarios.


Final Takeaway

Now that you know the different aptitude tests and what to expect, you can start preparing for your coming job assessment. Remember to familiarise yourself with the test format, practice timed questions and stay calm on test day.  With some preparation, you can ace the aptitude test and get one step closer to landing your desired job. Good luck!